2768 Chermown kher-mone’ from ‘charam’ (2763); abrupt; Chermon, a mount of Palestine:–Hermon.

2769 Chermowniym kher-mo-neem’ plural of ‘Chermown’ (2768); Hermons, i.e. its peaks:–the Hermonites.

(Arabic: جبل حرمون , جبل الشيخ‎ / ALA-LC: Jabal al-Shaykh / “Mountain of the Chief” “Jabal Haramun”; Hebrew: הר חרמון‎, Har Hermon, “Mount Hermon”) is a mountain cluster in the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Its summit straddles the border between Syria and Lebanon[1] and, at 2,814 m (9,232 ft) above sea level, is the highest point in Syria.[2]  1^ ACME Mapper terrain display

2^ “CIA World Fact Book: Syria”. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. “highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m”

H8303 Sirion and Siryon {sir-yone’}; the same as ‘Srayah’ (8304) (i.e. sheeted with snow); Shirjon or Sirjon, a peak of the Lebanon:–Sirion.

Deu 3:9, ([Which] Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)   Psa 29:6He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn.



2.           H8302 shiryown  shir•yōn’ habergeon, coat, harness, coat of mail, breastplate

8302 shiryown shir-yone’ or shiryon {shir-yone’}; and shiryan {shir- yawn’}; also (feminine) shiryah {shir-yaw’}; and shiryonah {shir-yo-naw’}; from ‘sharah’ (8281) in the original sense of turning; a corslet (as if twisted):–breastplate, coat of mail, habergeon, harness. See ‘ciyron’ (5630).

Breastplate Isa 59:17

Coat 1 Sam 17:5, 1 Sam 17:5

Habergeon Job 41:26

Habergeons 2 Chr 26:14, Neh 4:16

Harness 1 Ki 22:34, 2 Chr 18:33

Mail 1 Sam 17:38

What a Beautiful Picture!  The landscape, the backdrop, the majestic cold mountain top high above the hot fertile plain.  The Beauty is in the Righteousness.  We began in Righteousness standing Right before a Holy and Righteous God who Created and Made all that is, was and will ever be.  The photo above is Mount Hermon and of all the mountains of Israel this one is the highest peak. Deu 3:9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;) Deu 4:48 From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which is Hermon,

Location Region Elevation (feet) Elevation (meters)
Mount Hermon Golan Heights (Israeli-occupied) 7,336 ft. 2,236 m.
Mount Meron Upper Galilee 3,964 ft. 1,208 m.
Mount Ramon Negev 3,396 ft. 1,035 m.
Mount of Olives East Jerusalem (Israeli-occupied) 2,739 ft. 835 m.
Mount Tabor Lower Galilee 1,930 ft. 588 m.
Mount Carmel Haifa 1,792 ft. 546 m.
Dead Sea Judean Desert  – 1,368 ft.  – 417 m.

Geography of Israel. (2014, January 14).  In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:16, January 30, 2014, from

Jos 11:3 And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh.  Mizpeh is the place where Jacob and Laban made their covenant recorded in Genesis 31:46-55

Mizpah = “watchtower”מִצְפָּה

  1. a place in Gilead north of Jabbok and location of Laban’s cairn

  2. a place in Gilead south of Jabbok; site unknown

  3. a place near Mount Hermon

  4. an old sacred place in Benjamin

(****Interesting note: The Hivites

Hivite = “villagers”

  1. 6th generation of descendants of Canaan, the son of Ham, who were living in northern Canaan near Mount Hermon at the time of the conquest

2324 chava’ khav-aw'(Aramaic) corresponding to ‘chavah’ (2331); to show:–shew.

2340 Chivviy khiv-vee’ perhaps from ‘chavvah’ (2333); a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Palestine:–Hivite.

2331 chavah khaw-vah’ a primitive root; (compare ‘chava” (2324), ‘chayah’ (2421)); properly, to live; by implication (intensively) to declare or show:–show.

2332 Chavvah khav-vaw’ causatively from ‘chavah’ (2331); life-giver; Chavvah (or Eve), the first woman:–Eve.

2333 chavvah khav-vaw’ properly, the same as ‘Chavvah’ (2332) (life-giving, i.e. living-place); by implication, an encampment or village:–(small) town.)

On the top there is “Hermon Hotel”, in the buffer zone between Syria and Israeli-occupied territory, the highest permanently manned UN position in the world.[3]^ Lovegrove, Dwayne. “A mini Nijmegen, but with gravel”. National Defence and the Canadian Forces. Retrieved 29 November 2011.

The Israeli occupied sector of the mountain is patrolled by the Israel Defense Forces and the Israel Police, and the Israeli Security Forces maintain a strategic observation post for monitoring Syrian and Lebanese military activity near Mitzpe Shlagim (“Snow Lookout”), which is at an elevation of about 2,224 m (7,300 ft). Its neighboring peak, at 2,236 m, is the highest elevation in Israeli occupied territory.[15]^ Cordesman, Anthony H. (2008). Israel and Syria. USA: Center for Strategic and International Studies. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-313-35520-2. Retrieved 2 September 2011. “Its adjacent peak, at 2,236 meters, is the highest elevation in Israel occupied golan

Psa 89:12The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.

Psa 133:3 As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore.

Sgs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions’ dens, from the mountains of the leopards.

What a history upon this mountain!  The mountain they described as looking like a breastplate.  A mountain wearing a coat of mail, armor.  A mountain, breastplate of righteousness!

You can see from the picture that the mountain does resemble a body laid down with the ridges looking like the ribs of the body.

As the snow would lay upon the mountain peaks and the sun would hit the snow you can see the brilliance of white light reflecting in a prism of colors sparkling in a dazzling array of light and colors.

This is a list of mountains in the Golan Heights.

Name Height Coordinates Notes
Givat Orha/Tel Jukhdar (Hebrew: גבעת אורחה‎, Givat Orha, Arabic: تل جوخدار‎, Tel Jukhdar) 646 metres (2,119 ft)[7] 32°55′39″N 35°51′09″E / 32.92750°N 35.85250°E / 32.92750; 35.85250 Hill in southeastern Golan Heights.
Mount Avital/Tall Abu an Nada (Hebrew: הר אביטל‎, Har Avital, Arabic: تل أبو الندى‎, Tall Abu an Nada) 1,204 metres (3,950 ft)[2][6] 33°06′38″N 35°47′45″E / 33.11056°N 35.79583°E / 33.11056; 35.79583 Part of an extinct volcano in the northeastern Golan Heights.
Mount Baron (Hebrew: הר בראון‎, Har Baron) 1,056 metres (3,465 ft)[1][2] 33°09′30″N 35°46′43″E / 33.15833°N 35.77861°E / 33.15833; 35.77861 Part of an extinct volcano in the northeastern Golan Heights.
Mount Bental/Tal Al-Gharam (Hebrew: הר בנטל‎, Har Bental, Arabic: تل الغرام‎, Tal Al-Gharam) 1,171 metres (3,842 ft) 33°07′45″N 35°47′09″E / 33.12917°N 35.78583°E / 33.12917; 35.78583 Part of an extinct volcano in the northeastern Golan Heights.
Mount Bnei Rasan/Tall al Ghassaniyah (Hebrew: הר בני רסן‎, Har Bnei Rasan, Arabic: تلّ الغسانية‎, Tall al Ghassaniyah) 1,072 metres (3,517 ft)[1][2][6] 33°04′49″N 35°50′04″E / 33.08028°N 35.83444°E / 33.08028; 35.83444 Part of an extinct volcano in the eastern Golan Heights. Atop the mountain is the Golan Heights Wind Farm.
Mount Hermon (Arabic: جبل الشيخ‎, Jabal el-Shaykh, Hebrew: הר חרמון‎, Har Hermon) 2,814 metres (9,232 ft)[3] 33°24′58″N 35°51′27″E / 33.41611°N 35.85750°E / 33.41611; 35.85750 Parts of Mount Hermon’s southern slopes fall within the northern Golan Heights.
Mount Hermonit/Tell al-Sheikh (Hebrew: הר חרמונית‎, Har Hermonit, Arabic: تل الشيخ‎, Tell al-Sheikh) 1,211 metres (3,973 ft)[1][2][6] 33°10′55″N 35°47′39″E / 33.18194°N 35.79417°E / 33.18194; 35.79417 Part of an extinct volcano in the northern Golan Heights.
Mount Hosek (Hebrew: הר חוזק‎, Har Hosek) 1,158 metres (3,799 ft) 33°03′14″N 35°51′01″E / 33.05389°N 35.85028°E / 33.05389; 35.85028 Part of an extinct volcano in the eastern Golan Heights.
Mount Kramim/Tell Sader al-Arus (Hebrew: הר כרמים‎, Har Kramim, lit. Vineyards Mountain, Arabic: تل صدر العروس‎, Tell Sader al-Arus) 1,198 metres (3,930 ft)[8] 33°13′06″N 35°46′32″E / 33.21833°N 35.77556°E / 33.21833; 35.77556 Part of an extinct volcano in northern Golan Heights.
Mount Odem/Ras al-Ahmar (Hebrew: הר אודם‎, Har Odem, lit. Ruby Mountain, Arabic: رأس الأحمر‎, Ras al-Ahmar) 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) 33°11′55″N 35°45′15″E / 33.19861°N 35.75417°E / 33.19861; 35.75417 Part of an extinct volcano in the northern Golan Heights.
Mount Ram (Hebrew: הר רם‎, Har Ram, lit. High Mountain) 1,188 metres (3,898 ft)[4] 33°14′43″N 35°47′02″E / 33.24528°N 35.78389°E / 33.24528; 35.78389 Part of an extinct volcano in the northern Golan Heights.
Mount Shifon (Hebrew: הר שיפון‎, Har Shifon) 977 metres (3,205 ft)[5] 33°04′10″N 35°46′08″E / 33.06944°N 35.76889°E / 33.06944; 35.76889 Part of an extinct volcano in the northeastern the Golan Heights.
Mount Varda/Tall Wardah (Hebrew: הר ורדה‎, Har Varda, lit. Rose Mountain, Arabic: تل وردة‎, Tall Wardah) 1,226 metres (4,022 ft)[1][2][6] 33°12′40″N 35°47′20″E / 33.21111°N 35.78889°E / 33.21111; 35.78889 Part of an extinct volcano in the northern Golan Heights.
Mount Yosifon/Tall Yusuf (Hebrew: הר יוסיפון‎, Har Yosifon, Arabic: تل يوسف‎, Tall Yusuf) 981 metres (3,219 ft)[1][2][6] 33°03′24″N 35°47′49″E / 33.05667°N 35.79694°E / 33.05667; 35.79694 Part of an extinct volcano in the central Golan Heights.
Tall al Makhfi (Arabic: تل المخفي‎, Tall al Makhfi) 1,055 metres (3,461 ft)[1][2][6] 33°08′0″N 35°48′0″E / 33.13333°N 35.80000°E / 33.13333; 35.80000 Mountain in the northeastern Golan Heights, north of Quneitra.
Tall al-Faras/Mount Peres (Arabic: تل الفرس‎, Tall al-Faras, Hebrew: הר פרס‎, Har Peres) 929 metres (3,048 ft)[2][6] 32°57′34″N 35°51′50″E / 32.95944°N 35.86389°E / 32.95944; 35.86389 Volcanic mountain located in central Golan Heights.
Tell Saki (Hebrew: תל א-סאקי‎, Tell a-Saki, Arabic: تل الساقي‎), Tell al-Saki) 594 metres (1,949 ft) 32°51′58″N 35°49′50″E / 32.86611°N 35.83056°E / 32.86611; 35.83056 Small extinct volcano in southern Golan Heights.

List of mountains in the Golan Heights. (2014, January 2).  In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:00, January 30, 2014, from

From the highest region in the North toward the East to the lowest region in the South at the Dead Sea the land, the people History is recorded and every other story written begins and ends with The History as it’s source.

All the myths, legends, tales and yarns are all spun from here still etched in the land, carved upon the stones of the mountains, into the hearts of man who walked here.

The Watchers watched and they still watch.

Now having said all of that about the beginning and righteousness we also know that mankind fell out of right standing with his Maker and thereby fell under judgment of His Righteous Law.

Who can bear such judgment?

Here are the words for breastplate:

Old Testament (Hebrew) for “breastplate”

H2833 choshen  khō’·shen breastplate

1.          H2833 חֹשֶׁן  choshen  khō’•shen breastplate “THE BREASTPLATE OF JUDGMENT”

2833 choshen kho’-shen from an unused root probably meaning to contain or sparkle; perhaps a pocket (as holding the Urim and Thummim), or rich (as containing gems), used only of the gorget of the highpriest:–breastplate.

masculine noun              Root Word (Etymology)

From an unused root probably meaning to contain or sparkle

I.breastplate, breastpiece

A.sacred pouch of the high priest designed to hold the Urim and Thummim

2833 choshen breastplate Exo 25:7, Exo 28:4, Exo 28:15, Exo 28:22, Exo 28:23, Exo 28:23, Exo 28:24, Exo 28:26, Exo 28:28, Exo 28:28, Exo 28:29, Exo 28:30, Exo 29:5, Exo 35:9, Exo 35:27, Exo 39:8, Exo 39:9, Exo 39:15, Exo 39:16, Exo 39:17, Exo 39:19, Exo 39:21, Exo 39:21, Lev 8:8, Lev 8:8

H 2814 Chashah khaw-shaw’ a primitive root; to hush or keep quiet:–hold peace, keep silence, be silent, (be) still.

8127 shen shane  from ‘shanan’ (8150); a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for ‘shenhabbiym’ (8143)) ivory; figuratively, a cliff:–crag, X forefront, ivory, X sharp, tooth.

8128 shen shane (Aramaic) corresponding to ‘shen’ (8127); a tooth:–tooth.

8129 Shen shane the same as ‘shen’ (8127); crag; Shen, a place in Palestine:–Shen.

8130 sane’saw-nay’a primitive root; to hate (personally):–enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, X utterly.

8131 sne’ sen-ay'(Aramaic) corresponding to ‘sane” (8130):–hate.

8132 shana shaw-naw’ a primitive root; to alter:–change.

8133 shna’ shen-aw'(Aramaic) corresponding to ‘shana’ (8132):–alter, change, (be) diverse.



2.           H8302 shiryown  shir•yōn’ habergeon, coat, harness, coat of mail, breastplate

8302 shiryown shir-yone’ or shiryon {shir-yone’}; and shiryan {shir- yawn’}; also (feminine) shiryah {shir-yaw’}; and shiryonah {shir-yo-naw’}; from ‘sharah’ (8281) in the original sense of turning; a corslet (as if twisted):–breastplate, coat of mail, habergeon, harness. See ‘ciyron’ (5630).

Breastplate Isa 59:17

Coat 1 Sam 17:5, 1 Sam 17:5

Habergeon Job 41:26

Habergeons 2 Chr 26:14, Neh 4:16

Harness 1 Ki 22:34, 2 Chr 18:33

Mail 1 Sam 17:38

H8303 Sirion and Siryon {sir-yone’}; the same as ‘Srayah’ (8304) (i.e. sheeted with snow); Shirjon or Sirjon, a peak of the Lebanon:–Sirion.

Deu 3:9, ([Which] Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)   Psa 29:6He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn.

H 8270 Shor shore from ‘sharar’ (8324); a string (as twisted (compare ‘shariyr’ (8306))), i.e. (specifically) the umbilical cord (also figuratively, as the centre of strength):–navel.  H8298 Sharay shaw-rah’-ee probably from ‘sharar’ (8324); hostile; 8280 sarah saw-raw’a primitive root; to prevail:–have power (as a prince). 8281 sharah shaw-raw’ a primitive root; to free:–direct. 8282 sarah saw-raw’ feminine of ‘sar’ (8269); a mistress, i.e. female noble:–lady, princess, queen.8283 Sarah saw-raw’ the same as ‘sarah’ (8282); Sarah, Abraham’s wife:–Sarah.8284sharah shaw-raw’probably feminine of ‘shuwr’ (7791); a fortification (literally or figuratively):–sing (by mistake for ‘shiyr’ (7891)), wall.8285 sherahshay-raw’from ‘sharar’ (8324) in its original sense of pressing; a wrist-band (as compact or clasping):–bracelet.

8323 sarar saw-rar’ a primitive root; to have (transitively, exercise; reflexively, get) dominion:–X altogether, make self a prince, (bear) rule. 8324 sharar shaw-rar’ a primitive root; to be hostile (only active participle an opponent):–enemy. 8325 Sharar shaw-rawr’ from ‘sharar’ (8324); hostile; Sharar, an Israelite:–Sharar. 8326 shorer sho’-rer from ‘sharar’ (8324) in the sense of twisting (compare ‘shor’ (8270)); the umbilical cord, i.e. (by extension) a bodice:–navel.

3120 Yavan yaw-vawn’ probably from the same as ‘yayin’ (3196); effervescing (i.e. hot and active); Javan, the name of a son of Joktan, and of the race (Ionians, i.e. Greeks) descended from him, with their territory; also of a place in Arabia:–Javan.

3121 yaven yaw-ven’from the same as ‘yayin’ (3196); properly, dregs (as effervescing); hence, mud:–mire, miry.

3196 yayinyah’-yin from an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication, intoxication:–banqueting, wine, wine(-bibber).

New Testament (Greek) for “breastplate”

G2382 thōrax thō’-räks breastplate (THE EQUIVALENT TO THE HEBREW WORD SHIRYOWN/SIRION H8303)

New Testament (Greek) for “breastplate” consisting of TWO parts protecting THE BODY on BOTH sides from neck to the middle.

1.           G2382 thōrax thō’-räks breastplate


The thorax (from Greek “θώραξ” – thorax, “breastplate, cuirass, corslet”[1]) is a division of an animal’s body that lies between the head and the abdomen from the Neck to the Navel where the ribs end.

In mammals, the thorax is the region of the body formed by the sternum, the thoracic vertebrae, and the ribs. It extends from the neck to the diaphragm, and does not include the upper limbs. The heart and the lungs reside in the thoracic cavity, as well as many blood vessels. The inner organs are protected by the rib cage and the sternum.

chest (n.) Look up chest at Dictionary.comOld English cest “box, coffer, casket,” from Proto-Germanic *kista (cf. Old Norse and Old High German kista, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, German kiste, Dutch kist), an early borrowing from Latin cista “chest, box,” from Greek kiste “a box, basket,” from PIE *kista “woven container.” Meaning extended to “thorax” 1520s, replacing breast (n.), on the metaphor of the ribs as a box for the organs. Chest of drawers is from 1590s.

2359 qrix thrix threeks genitive case trichos, etc.; of uncertain derivation; hair:–hair. Compare komh – kome 2864.

G2360  qroew throeo thro-eh’-o from threomai to wail; to clamor, i.e. (by implication) to frighten:–trouble.

Eph 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate G2382 of righteousness;

1Th 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate G2382 of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.

Rev 9:9 And they had breastplates, G2382 as it were breastplates G2382 of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.

Rev 9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates G2382 of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.

Now Aaron (brother of Moses and Miriam, son of Amram whose father was Kohath 2nd born son of Levi he took Jochabed his father’s sister to wife she was daughter of Levi who bore 3 sons, ) And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of (Amminadab son of Ram or Aram a Judaite, son of Hezron, father of Amminadab, and ancestor of David and father of Nahshon or Naasson and an ancestor of Jesus; father-in-law of Aaron, Elisheba was sister of Naashon son of Amminadab and prince of the Judah at the first numbering in the wilderness; 5th in descent from Judah in the genealogy of Christ, to wife; and she bare him( Nadab, and Abihu, these two died as a result kindling incense censers with strange fire) Eleazar, and Ithamar.  (This just shows how Mary the mother of Jesus and Elizabeth who was Zacharias’s wife and mother of John the Baptist were related also showing that Jesus bore both the priest and king lineage in the flesh Luk 1:5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia A.a priest, the head of a priestly family from whom when David divided the priests into 24 classes, Abia was the 8th order: Zacharias wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.) Luk 1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.  Truthfully Jesus was related to all twelve tribes as well as related to all the rest of mankind who came from the Woman who was named  Eve but first called Woman  who was built by God from that which was taken from man Adam so in the flesh he carried the entire genealogy from the garden and took it all back to the garden and ultimately in his flesh carried a cross upon his shoulders and endure the cross nailing all flesh the entire genealogy upon that cross and was accepted as the perfect sinless sacrifice because His Father was not flesh but Spirit.  Upon that cross that day was the entire world, the entire tabernacle, the temple, the body all of the shadows, types, mysteries hidden everything since the beginning was upon that cross within that body of flesh that was fashioned from the woman’s seed.

Exd 21:32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

Lev 27:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for the LORD by thy estimation.

Lev 27:4 And if it be a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels.

Zec 11:12And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. (Interesting to read the entire chapter here)

Mat 26:15And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.

Mat 27:9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;

Levi was Jacob’s second son from Leah and this son Levi would be the line from which all the priests, ministers, and the high priest would come.  Levi has three sons Gershon (sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, )Kohath (sons of Kohath; Amram(father of Aaron first high priest called) Moses and Miriam), and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel,) and Merari (his sons were Mahali and Mushi).

The Levites would have no inheritance among Israel. Num 18:20 And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I am thy part and thine inheritance among the children of Israel. Num 18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.

Num 18:24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.

Num 18:26 Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe.

All the rest of the tribes were allotted an inheiritance.

Num 27:8 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter.

Num 27:9 And if he have no daughter, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his brethren.

Num 27:10 And if he have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his father’s brethren.

Num 27:11 And if his father have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his kinsman that is next to him of his family, and he shall possess it: and it shall be unto the children of Israel a statute of judgment, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Aaron would be chosen to bear the “breastplate of judgment” bearing the names of all the sons of Jacob, the tribes of Israel.  He bore them equally upon his shoulders 6 names upon on stone upon one shoulder and 6 names upon another stone upon the other shoulder and distributed upon the breastplate over his heart in 4 rows of 3 stones per row.

Exo 28:1  And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons. 5204

Exo 28:2  And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty.

Exo 28:3  And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office.

Exo 28:4  And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office.

Exo 28:9  And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Exo 28:10  Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth.

Exo 28:11  With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. 8048

Exo 28:12  And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Exo 28:15  And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.

Exo 28:16  Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof.

Exo 28:17  And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.

Exo 28:18  And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

Exo 28:19  And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

Exo 28:20  And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.

Exo 28:21  And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

Exo 28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually.

Exo 28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron’s heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

You can also read in Exodus 39 recording the making of all the garments of the priests.

Exo 39:1  And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:2  And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

Exo 39:3  And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

Exo 39:4  They made shoulderpieces for it, to couple it together: by the two edges was it coupled together.

Exo 39:5  And the curious girdle of his ephod, that was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:6  And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.

Exo 39:7  And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:8  And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

Exo 39:9  It was foursquare; they made the breastplate double: a span was the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof, being doubled.

Exo 39:10  And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row.

Exo 39:11  And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

Exo 39:12  And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

Exo 39:13  And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings.

Exo 39:14  And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.

Exo 39:15  And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen work of pure gold.

Exo 39:16  And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate.

Exo 39:17  And they put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate.

Exo 39:18  And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.

Exo 39:19  And they made two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, upon the border of it, which was on the side of the ephod inward.

Exo 39:20  And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.

Exo 39:21  And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:22  And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue.

Exo 39:23  And there was an hole in the midst of the robe, as the hole of an habergeon, with a band round about the hole, that it should not rend.

(  **Exd 28:32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, H8473 that it be not rent. ****)

תַּחְרָא H8473 habergeon Exo 28:32, Exo 39:23


masculine noun corslet, breastplate made of linen military garment or armour fight wage war battle tachara’ takh-ar-aw’ from ‘charah’ (2734) in the original sense of ‘chuwr’ (2352) or ‘chuwr’ (2353); a linen corslet (as white or hollow):–habergeon.



8474 tacharah takh-aw-raw’ a facitious root from ‘charah’ (2734) through the idea of the heat of jealousy; to vie with a rival:–close, contend.


8459 תֹּחוּ to’-khoo from an unused root meaning to depress; abasement;


Root Word (Etymology)


From חָרָה (H2734) in the original sense of חוּר (H2352)

masculine noun


Root Word (Etymology)


From an unused root probably meaning to bore   or חוּר (H2353) I.white cloth, white stuff from 2357 חוּר I.(Qal) to be white, grow white, grow pale


2352 chuwr khoor or (shortened) chur {khoor}; from an unused root probably meaning to bore; the crevice of a serpent; the cell of a prison:–hole.

2353 chuwr khoor from ‘chavar’ (2357); white linen:–white.

2354 Chuwr khoor the same as ‘chuwr’ (2353) or ‘chuwr’ (2352); Chur, the name of four Israelites and one Midianite:–Hur.

 2355 chowr khore the same as ‘chuwr’ (2353); white linen:–network. Compare ‘chor’ (2715).

2356 chowr khore or (shortened) chor {khore}; the same as ‘chuwr’ (2352); a cavity, socket, den:–cave, hole.

2357 chavar khaw-var’a primitive root; to blanch (as with shame):–wax pale.

 2358 chivvar khiv-vawr’ (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to ‘chavar’ (2357); white:–white.

 2359 Chuwriy khoo-ree’ probably from ‘chuwr’ (2353); linen-worker; Churi, an Israelite:–Huri.



2360 Chuwray khoo-rah’ee probably an orthographical variation for ‘Chuwriy’ (2359); Churai, an Israelite:–Hurai.

2361Chuwram khoo-rawm’probably from ‘chuwr’ (2353); whiteness, i.e. noble; Churam, the name of an Israelite and two Syrians:–Huram. Compare ‘Chiyram’ (2438).


חָרָה H2734 2734 charah khaw-raw’ a primitive root (compare ‘charar’ (2787)); to glow or grow warm; figuratively (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy:–be angry, burn, be displeased, X earnestly, fret self, grieve, be (wax) hot, be incensed, kindle, X very, be wroth. See ‘tacharah’ (8474). be hot, furious, burn, become angry, be kindled

A.(Qal) to burn, kindle (anger)

B.(Niphal) to be angry with, be incensed

C.(Hiphil) to burn, kindle

D.(Hithpael) to heat oneself in vexation


2715 chor khore or (fully) chowr {khore}; from ‘charar’ (2787); properly, white or pure (from the cleansing or shining power of fire (compare ‘choriy’ (2751)); hence (figuratively) noble (in rank):–noble.

חֲרָאִ 2716 chere’ kheh’-reh from an unused (and vulgar) root probably meaning to evacuate the bowels: excrement; -dung. Also chariy {khar-ee’}.


2750 choriy khor-ee’ from ‘charah’ (2734); a burning (i.e. intense) anger:–fierce, X great, heat.

2751 choriy kho-ree’from the same as ‘chuwr’ (2353); white bread:–white.

 2752 Choriy kho-ree’from ‘chowr’ (2356); cave-dweller or troglodyte; a Chorite or aboriginal Idumaean:–Horims, Horites.

2753 Choriy kho-ree’ or Chowriy {kho-ree’}; the same as ‘Choriy’ (2752); Chori, the name of two men:–Hori.

2763charam khaw-ram’ a primitive root; to seclude; specifically (by a ban) to devote to religious uses (especially destruction); physical and reflexive, to be blunt as to the nose:–make accursed, consecrate, (utterly) destroy, devote, forfeit, have a flat nose, utterly (slay, make away).

2764cherem khay’-rem or (Zecheriah 14:11) cherem {kheh’-rem}; from ‘charam’ (2763); physical (as shutting in) a net (either literally or figuratively); usually a doomed object; abstr. extermination:–(ac-)curse(-d, -d thing), dedicated thing, things which should have been utterly destroyed, (appointed to) utter destruction, devoted (thing), net.

2765 Chorem khor-ame’from ‘charam’ (2763); devoted; Chorem, a place in Palestine:–Horem.

 2766 Charim khaw-reem’ from ‘charam’ (2763); snub-nosed; Charim, an Israelite:–Harim.

 2767 Chormah khor-maw’ from ‘charam’ (2763); devoted; Chormah, a place in Palestine:–Hormah.

 2768 Chermown kher-mone’ from ‘charam’ (2763); abrupt; Chermon, a mount of Palestine:–Hermon.


Exo 39:24  And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen.

Exo 39:25  And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates;

Exo 39:26  A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:27  And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,

Exo 39:28  And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen,

Exo 39:29  And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:30  And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Exo 39:31  And they tied unto it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exo 39:32  Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.

Exo 39:33  And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets,

Exo 39:34  And the covering of rams’ skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers’ skins, and the vail of the covering, 4631

Exo 39:35  The ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat,

Exo 39:36  The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread,

Exo 39:37  The pure candlestick, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,

Exo 39:38  And the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door,

Exo 39:39  The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,

Exo 39:40  The hangings of the court, his pillars, and his sockets, and the hanging for the court gate, his cords, and his pins, and all the vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of the congregation,

Exo 39:41  The cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons’ garments, to minister in the priest’s office.

Exo 39:42  According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work. 3030

Exo 39:43  And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the LORD had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.

Once you’ve digested all of that we begin to look at the sons of Jacob/tribes of Israel, who they are, what they represent etc.

Jacob from ‘`aqab’ (6117); heel-catcher (i.e. supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch:–Jacob. a primitive root; properly, to swell out or up; used only as denominative from ‘`aqeb’ (6119), to seize by the heel; figuratively, to circumvent (as if tripping up the heels); also to restrain (as if holding by the heel):–take by the heel, stay, supplant, X utterly. from ‘`aqab’ (6117) in the sense of ‘`aqeb’ (6119); a heel, i.e. (figuratively) the last of anything (used adverbially, for ever); also result, i.e. compensation; and so (adverb with preposition or relatively) on account of:–X because, by, end, for, if, reward. or (feminine) hiqqbah {ik-keb-aw’}; from ‘`aqab’ (6117); a heel (as protuberant); hence, a track; figuratively, the rear (of an army):–heel, (horse-)hoof, last, lier in wait (by mistake for ‘`aqeb’ (6120)), (foot- )step. from ‘`aqab’ (6117) in its denominative sense; a lier in wait:–heel (by mistake for ‘`aqeb’ (6119)). from ‘`aqab’ (6117); in the original sense, a knoll (as swelling up); in the denominative sense (transitive) fraudulent or (intransitive) tracked:–crooked, deceitful, polluted.

Leah from ‘la’ah’ (3811); weary; Leah, a wife of Jacob:–Leah. a primitive root; to tire; (figuratively) to be (or make) disgusted:–faint, grieve, lothe, (be, make) weary (selves).

Zilpah : from an unused root apparently meaning to trickle, as myrrh; fragrant dropping; Zilpah, Leah’s maid:–Zilpah.

Rachel the same as ‘rachel’ (7353); Rachel, a wife of Jacob:–Rachel. from an unused root meaning to journey; a ewe (the females being the predominant element of a flock) (as a good traveller):–ewe, sheep.

Bilhah from ‘balahh’ (1089); timid; Bilhah, the name of one of Jacob’s concubines; also of a place in Palestine:–Bilhah. a primitive root (rather by transposition for ‘bahal’ (926)); to palpitate; hence, (causatively) to terrify:–trouble. from ‘balahh’ (1089); alarm; hence, destruction:–terror, trouble.

Reuben “See/Behold son” from the imperative of ‘ra’ah’ (7200) and ‘ben’ (1121); see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob:–Reuben. ra’ah raw-aw’ a primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative):–advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see(-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-)spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions. from ‘ra’ah’ (7200); a bird of prey (probably the vulture, from its sharp sight):–glede. Compare ‘da’ah’ (1676). from ‘ra’ah’ (7200); seeing, i.e. experiencing:–see. active participle of ‘ra’ah’ (7200); a seer (as often rendered); but also (abstractly) a vision:–vision.    SON  from ‘banah’ (1129); a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like ”ab’ (1), ”ach’ (251), etc.)):–+ afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-)ite, (anoint-)ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-)ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, X came up in, child, colt, X common, X corn, daughter, X of first, + firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, X in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, + rebel, + robber, X servant born, X soldier, son, + spark, + steward, + stranger, X surely, them of, + tumultuous one, + valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.

Simeon “Hear” from ‘shama`’ (8085); hearing; Shimon, one of Jacob’s sons, also the tribe descended from him:–Simeon. a primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.):–X attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, X diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear(-ken, tell), X indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim(-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, X surely, tell, understand, whosoever (heareth), witness.

Levi “join/attach/adhere/wreathe from ‘lavah’ (3867); attached; Levi, a son of Jacob:–Levi. See also ‘Leviy’ (3879), ‘Leviyiy’ (3881). a primitive root; properly, to twine, i.e. (by implication) to unite, to remain; also to borrow (as a form of obligation) or (caus.) to lend:–abide with, borrow(-er), cleave, join (self), lend(-er).

Judah from ‘yadah’ (3034); celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory:–Judah.  a primitive root; used only as denominative from ‘yad’ (3027); literally, to use (i.e. hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively, to bemoan (by wringing the hands):–cast (out), (make) confess(-ion), praise, shoot, (give) thank(-ful, -s, -sgiving). Yad yawd a primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from ‘kaph’ (3709), the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote (as follows):–(+ be) able, X about, + armholes, at, axletree, because of, beside, border, X bounty, + broad, (broken-)handed, X by, charge, coast, + consecrate, + creditor, custody, debt, dominion, X enough, + fellowship, force, X from, hand(-staves, -y work), X he, himself, X in, labour, + large, ledge, (left-)handed, means, X mine, ministry, near, X of, X order, ordinance, X our, parts, pain, power, X presumptuously, service, side, sore, state, stay, draw with strength, stroke, + swear, terror, X thee, X by them, X themselves, X thine own, X thou, through, X throwing, + thumb, times, X to, X under, X us, X wait on, (way-)side, where, + wide, X with (him, me, you), work, + yield, X yourselves.

Dan from ‘diyn’ (1777); judge; Dan, one of the sons of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory; likewise a place in Palestine colonized by them:–Dan.

Naphtali from ‘pathal’ (6617); my wrestling; Naphtali, a son of Jacob, with the tribe descended from him, and its territory:–Naphtali. a primitive root; to twine, i.e. (literally) to struggle or (figuratively) be (morally) tortuous:–(shew self) froward, shew self unsavoury, wrestle.

Gad from ‘guwd’ (1464); Gad, a son of Jacob, including his tribe and its territory; also a prophet:–Gad. from ‘guwd’ (1464) (in the sense of distributing); fortune:–troop. a variation of ‘gad’ (1409); Fortune, a Babylonian deity:–that troop. from ‘gadad’ (1413) (in the sense of cutting); coriander seed (from its furrows):–coriander. Guwd goode a primitive root (akin to ‘gadad’ (1413)); to crowd upon, i.e. attack:–invade, overcome.

Asher ‘ashar aw-shar’ or rasher {aw-share’}; a primitive root; to be straight (used in the widest sense, especially to be level, right, happy); figuratively, to go forward, be honest, proper:–(call, be) bless(-ed, happy), go, guide, lead, relieve.’aher ash-er’ a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.:–X after, X alike, as (soon as), because, X every, for, + forasmuch, + from whence, + how(-soever), X if, (so) that ((thing) which, wherein), X though, + until, + whatsoever, when, where (+ -as, -in, -of, -on, -soever, -with), which, whilst, + whither(- soever), who(-m, -soever, -se). As it is indeclinable, it is often accompanied by the personal pronoun expletively, used to show the connection.’esher eh’-sher from ”ashar’ (833); happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!:–blessed, happy.’Asher aw-share’ from ”ashar’ (833), happy; Asher, a son of Jacob, and the tribe descended from him, with its territory; also a place in Palestine:–Asher ‘osher o’-sher from ”ashar’ (833); happiness:–happy.’ashur aw-shoor’ or ashshur {ash-shoor’}; from ”ashar’ (833) in the sense of going; a step:–going, step.’ashur ash-oor’ contracted for ‘t’ashshuwr’ (8391); the cedar tree or some other light elastic wood:–Ashurite.

Issachar Yissaskar yis-saw-kawr’ (strictly yis-saws-kawr’); from ‘nasa” (5375) and ‘sakar’ (7939); he will bring a reward; Jissaskar, a son of Jacob:–Issachar. or (by permutation) nasa’ naw-saw’ or nacah (Psalm ”eb’ (4) : ”abad’ (6) (7)) {naw-saw’}; a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative, absol. and rel. (as follows):–accept, advance, arise, (able to, (armor), suffer to) bear(-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honorable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.   cakar (Ezra 4:5) {saw-kar’}; a primitive root (apparently akin (by prosthesis) to ‘karah’ (3739) through the idea of temporary purchase; compare ‘shakar’ (7937)); to hire:–earn wages, hire (out self), reward, X surely. from ‘sakar’ (7936); wages:–reward, sluices. from ‘sakar’ (7936); payment of contract; concretely, salary, fare, maintenance; by implication, compensation, benefit:–hire, price, reward(-ed), wages, worth.

Zebulun or Zbuluwn {zeb-oo-loon’}; or Zbuwlun {zeb-oo-loon’}; from ‘zabal’ (2082); habitation; Zebulon, a son of Jacob; also his territory and tribe:–Zebulun. a primitive root; apparently properly, to inclose, i.e. to reside:–dwell with.

(Dinah) fem. of ‘duwn’ (1779); justice; Dinah, the daughter of Jacob:–Dinah.

Joseph future of ‘yacaph’ (3254); let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites:–Joseph. Compare ‘Yhowceph’ (3084). a primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbial, to continue to do a thing):–add, X again, X any more, X cease, X come more, + conceive again, continue, exceed, X further, X gather together, get more, give more-over, X henceforth, increase (more and more), join, X longer (bring, do, make, much, put), X (the, much, yet) more (and more), proceed (further), prolong, put, be (strong-) er, X yet, yield.


Mother Rachel as she died giving birth cried;

Ben-‘Owniy ben-o-nee’from ‘ben’ (1121) and ”aven’ (205); son of my sorrow; Ben-Oni, the original name of Benjamin:–Ben-oni.

His Father Jacob called him Benjamin from ‘ben’ (1121) and ‘yamiyn’ (3225); son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory:–Benjamin. from ‘yaman’ (3231); the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south:–+ left-handed, right (hand, side), south. Yaman yaw-man’a primitive root; to be (physically) right (i.e. firm); but used only as denominative from ‘yamiyn’ (3225) and transitive, to be right-handed or take the right-hand side:–go (turn) to (on, use) the right hand.






clear glass upon stem

holding wine so dark

savouring the taste

best left last

hidden steps

trod on sweet vines

extracting drops

filling vats

where water stood

now refined

by love in

unified touch

awaiting consummation

aging to beauty

beyond time



Something Old, Something New, Something Needed, Something True

A Magpie Tale

They were packing up my life.  I wanted to scream but the heavy hand of grief seemed to throttle my cries.  Only a sigh escaped my lips as I turned and let the screen door slam on the only home I had ever known.

That day seems like yesterday and the tears well they are fresh every morning when I awaken still expecting to hear her humming in the kitchen. The smell of coffee brewing and the steady rumble of that old percolator was my daily wake up call as the hot liquid boiled and bubbled up into that strange glass ball on the lid.

Today when I looked at this toothbrush I laughed for the first time since Memaw died.  That brown handled heirloom with its yellowing bristles is almost 18 years old now and looks as new today as when I first saw the thing.  I remember my Papa bringing it home with him and presenting it to her as though he had purchased the Eighth Wonder of the World.  Memaw just stood there and without saying a word she turned back to the cast iron fryer on the stove and started humming. 

Papa was a steady man and not given to much sentiment but he was not a quiet man but that day it seemed that he must have spent quite a bit of time with that cat that Memaw said could get your tongue because he didn’t open his mouth until he got out the door and about midway the yard.  Then he just sorted grunted like a hog and shook his head.  I watched him as he placed the black banded straw hat back on his head and headed to the tree line just beyond the field and disappeared.

Memaw continued cooking and the rest of the morning went as usual.  She finished a half days chore and by noon the table was set.  Papa took his usual seat at the head of the table and we prayed and ate still no words spoken between the two.   I wondered a thousand things that day but I guess I was too young to really understand the depth of true love.  But I do remember as Memaw was clearing away the table and Papa had left again for the fields that beside his plate lay one single twig from that tree down in the woods.  Memaw picked it up and sat down seemingly beaming at the pure white tip of that slender little stick.  Just as I remember seeing her everyday she began to chew on the end and she rubbed each tooth with such care.  She seemed different that day as she stood and looked out at the field and with a whisper she said, “Your Papa that’s what a Good Man looks like.” She picked up that toothbrush then and put it in the little box on her dresser where she kept important things.

I remember wanting only that box when she died because it was so important. I had never known the other contents of the box.  Today when I finally needed to look there was that toothbrush right beside a tiny little twig with well-worn ends resting upon a single handwritten note tucked under a piece of tile from their first indoor bathroom.  Memaw’s words simply said, “Gifts from a Good Man. A Reminder for His Bride” 

As I was laying the brush back into the box a single pearl fell from between the bristles..and I understood.

Wine spots upon

White linen

Communions sign

Crumbs fall between

Friends, betrayers

Disciples recline

Bread broken upon

His table offered

Flesh resigned

Cup poured between

Related men

Sin confined

Blessed words upon

Kneaded and pressed

Grace divine

Master serves between

Dirty feet

Humility defined

Bride waits upon

Her grooms call

Consummation sublime

If I could begin again

What would be the reasons

If I could begin again

Would I mark out all the lesions

If I could begin again

Would pen or pencils be my tools

If I could begin again

Would I learn to keep the rules

If I could begin again

I’m not sure where I’d start

If I could begin again

I would have the same old heart

What I need is transformation

Something new I’ve never seen

What I need is revelation

To wipe this old slate clean

What I need and what I get

Are not always the same

What I need is someone

Who knows me by my name

What I need is given

I don’t have to start anew

What I need to do is simply learn

To trust in knowing you.

Not just being close but truly something deeper

a place where angels fear to trod

a mere message will not suffice

darkness covers as light burns

the thousand years past

one moment knowing

conceives  new


Majestic thunder roaring

Calling deep it rends

Answering clouds are mounting

As darkness soon descends

Rest soul upon assurance

Peace shall come to you at last

Just look beyond the billows

As waves  of storm clouds pass

Speak truth to passing travelers

Seeking stable shore

Knowing all is not impossible

When willing there is more

I seek not to make a landfall

Nor build a kingdom grand

I just wait in trouble waters

Ever grasping unseen hands

You may not feel the gentle touch

As prayers sweeps gently past

Nor know the depths of salt sea tears

As one holds this anchor fast

Yet I write compelled by thunder

Reminding me of sound

That comes in awesome wonder

Releasing all that’s bound

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